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A monster black hole has been discovered with 6 galaxies trapped in its own gravitational web

A monster black hole has been discovered with 6 galaxies trapped in its own gravitational web

In 2020, astronomers discovered six galaxies trapped in the cosmic ‘web’ of a supermassive black hole when the universe was less than a billion years old: video

Astronomers discovered six galaxies in 2020 About a supermassive black hole They were observed when the universe was less than a billion years old (observations were made thanks to VLT from iso). This is the first time such a compact cluster has been seen so soon the great explosion This discovery helps us better understand how supermassive black holes, one of which is located at the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, formed and grew to their current massive size so quickly. This discovery supports the theory that black holes can grow rapidly within large web-like structures. Which contains gas in sufficient quantities to provide fuel.

Black hole observations

These galaxies surround B Giant black hole It contains a cosmic “network” of gas extending up to 300 times the size of the Milky Way. toThe universe was only 0.9 billion years old!

Artistic representation of a spider’s web Giant black hole. Credit: ISO/L. road

Growth of black holes

The first black holes, which are believed to have formed from the collapse of the first stars, They must have grown very quickly To reach the mass of a billion suns during the first 0.9 billion years of the universe. But astronomers were unable to explain the size of the sufficient quantitiesFuel from black holes“It would have been possible to allow these organisms to grow to such large sizes in such a short time.” The “cobweb” and Galaxies They contain enough gas inside to provide the fuel the central black hole needs to become a supermassive giant.

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Faint galaxies

The galaxies now discovered are among the faintest that current telescopes can detect. L’ELT The European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope will study this amazing object once again.

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