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Causes, symptoms and possible treatments

Causes, symptoms and possible treatments

there Chronic sinusitis It’s a medical condition that can turn a simple act of breathing into an uphill daily battle. This condition is characterized by persistent inflammation of the nasal cavities, and it affects a large number of individuals all over the world. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, possible treatments, and preventative measures to best handle this annoying condition.

Figure 1 – Chronic sinusitis: Let’s learn to breathe better

Chronic sinusitis: causes, symptoms, and possible treatments

What is chronic sinusitis?

Let’s start with a better understanding of what it is Chronic sinusitis. This condition represents a persistent and prolonged form of inflammation of the membranes lining the nasal cavities around the nose and cheekbones. Sinusitis can become chronic when symptoms persist for more than twelve weeks, causing discomfort and negatively affecting the patient’s quality of life.

Common symptoms of chronic sinusitis

symptoms Chronic sinusitis It can vary in severity and may include:

  • Persistent nasal congestion
  • Thick, yellowish or greenish mucus secretion
  • Pain and pressure in the face and around the eyes
  • Decreased ability to perceive smells
  • Chronic headache
  • Persistent cough, often worse at night
  • general fatigue

Underlying causes

the Causes of chronic sinusitis It can be diverse and multifactorial. Among the main motivators:

  1. Frequent infections: Bacterial or viral infections of the upper respiratory tract can lead to persistent inflammation of the nasal passages.
  2. Anatomical problemsDeviated nasal septum, nasal polyps, or other anatomical abnormalities may obstruct drainage of the nasal cavities, contributing to chronic sinusitis.
  3. Allergic reactionsAllergens such as pollen, mold, animal dander, and mites can trigger an inflammatory response in the sinuses.
  4. environmental irritantsProlonged exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollutants, and chemicals may increase your risk of developing chronic sinusitis.
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Diagnosis and treatment

If you suspect you have one Chronic sinusitisIt is important to consult a physician or an otolaryngologist for an accurate diagnosis. The health professional will carefully review the patient’s symptoms and medical history and may also order imaging tests such as a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to obtain a detailed view of the sinuses.

Medical treatments

Treatment for chronic sinusitis can vary depending on its severity and the underlying causes. the Medical treatments Common include:

  • pharmaceutical: Nasal corticosteroids can reduce inflammation, while antihistamines can help manage allergic reactions. Also, antibiotics may be prescribed if a bacterial infection develops.
  • Nasal fluidsSaline solutions can be used to cleanse and free the nasal passages of mucus and debris.
  • Immunotherapy: In cases where allergy is a significant cause, allergen immunotherapy may be recommended to reduce allergic reactions.

surgical interventions

In severe cases or when conservative treatments don’t lead to significant improvements, your doctor may suggest surgery. the Surgical procedures for chronic sinusitis It may include:

  • PolypectomyRemoval of nasal polyps that obstruct the normal drainage of the nasal cavities.
  • SeptoplastyCorrection of deviated nasal septum to improve airflow.
  • Laparoscopic surgeryUsing the endoscope to remove blockages and infections in the sinuses.

Prevention and lifestyle

Chronic sinusitis can be prevented with some simple and effective methods lifestyle measures. Here are some helpful tips:

  1. Nose hygieneKeeping the nasal passages clean with regular nasal rinses using saline solutions can help reduce the buildup of mucus and bacteria.
  2. Avoid allergensIf you know of a specific allergen that causes sinusitis, it is essential to avoid exposure to these substances.
  3. Smoke and pollutantsAvoiding cigarette smoke and reducing exposure to pollutants can protect the respiratory system.
  4. MoisturizingKeeping the home environment appropriately moist can help prevent irritation of the nasal passages.
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there Chronic sinusitis It can be a debilitating condition that affects the quality of life and general well-being of those affected. However, with timely diagnosis, adequate treatment and a preventive approach, it is possible to effectively manage this disease and reduce its negative impact. Always consult a health professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.