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‘Amazing detail’: See the sun’s photosphere in stunning 4K amateur video

‘Amazing detail’: See the sun’s photosphere in stunning 4K amateur video

Crazy vision: 4K footage of the sun taken from Portugal shows unique details (3000 GB of raw data)

Astrophotographer Miguel Claro of Lisbon, Portugal, captured the entire disk of the Sun on October 12, 2023, showing Our Sun is now heading toward its most active 11-year solar cycle. The following video shows our star orbiting for three hours with plasma trapped in the Sun’s powerful magnetic fields hundreds of kilometers above the photosphere. Claro captured the time-lapse shots from a location with little light pollution (namely the Alqueva Dark Sky Reserve in Portugal) using a Player One Saturn-M SQR camera and a Lunt LS100 telescope. The video was compressed from three terabytes of raw data. The end result is a 4K HD movie with 246 images over approximately 3 hours.

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Comparing Earth to our star

The average diameter of the Sun is about 1,392,000 km, about 109 times larger than its own diameter. Land (12,742 km): This means that we can put… 109 lands combined So that it corresponds to the diameter of our star. Its mass is (1.9891 x 10^30 kg – 330,000 times the mass of the Earth) About 99.86% of the total mass of the solar system. If we wanted to try to fill the sun with Earth, we would need it 1.3 million Earths are equal to the size of our star. Compositionally, about three-quarters of the Sun’s mass is hydrogen and the rest is mostly helium, with 1.69% of the mass (or 5,628 times the Earth’s mass) being other heavier elements such as oxygen, carbon, neon, and iron. And others.

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the sun. Image credit: ESA/NASA/Solar Orbiter Team/EUI; Data processing: E. Craikamp (ROB)

Incredible energy

The Sun converts 594 million tons of hydrogen every second In 590 million tons of helium. What’s missing is the mass the Sun loses every second which corresponds to an average brightness (energy released in just one second) equal to 386 billion billion megawatts. In short, an unequal comparison!